Civil disobedience in the arguments of henry david thoreau martin luther king jr and socrates

To escape without persuading the state would be to try to destroy it and its laws. Paz-Fuchs, Amir and Sfard, Michael, You say your fathers did it; if it was right for them, it is right for me.

All of these factors bear on the appropriateness of a given action and the manner in which it is performed, and thus determine to what extent the reasons that support it provide a justification.

If they are open in theory, but closed or unfairly obstructed in practice, then the system is not democratic in the way needed to make civil disobedience unnecessary.

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First, there is the fact that disobedients seem to have put themselves above the law in preferring their own moral judgment about a certain issue to that of the democratic decision-making process and the rule of law. The justification for her action stems from its appropriateness as the action to take.

King, Martin Luther Jr. This would lessen the severity of any justified response from the law. It applies, second, to the actions of prosecutors when deciding whether to proceed to trial.

Even when officials make correct judgments about which acts to excuse, citizens may draw mistaken inferences, and restraints of deterrence and norm acceptance may be weakened for unjustified acts that resemble justified ones Greenawalt In the tradition which justifies civil disobedience by appeal to higher law, legal niceties count for relatively little.

But one often does require a right to do what one should not do cf. The difference in legality translates into a more significant, moral difference when placed against the backdrop of a general moral obligation to follow the law. Desert theory, by contrast, takes a backward-looking view of the purpose and justification of punishment, focusing on what the offender deserves for her action.

Civil Disobedience Quotes

Openness and publicity, even at the cost of having one's protest frustrated, offer ways for disobedients to show their willingness to deal fairly with authorities. But, as the above points have indicated, the justifiability of an act of civil disobedience depends greatly on its specific features.

The various points of contact and overlap amongst different types of political protest suggest that there is no one-dimensional continuum from weak to strong dissent. Because, he says, I forgot who I was; he says, to teach me that I am only a nigger.

Civil disobedients, by contrast, seek to make their disobedience known to specific members of the community either before or after the fact to demonstrate both the seriousness of their condemnation of that law or policy and their sincere desire for policy change.

Sometimes the wrong that a dissenter perceives may be so iniquitous that it is right to use violence to root it out. A pluralistic communicative system, which gives weight to considerations of mercy as well as retribution or desert, would only punish to the extent that the punishment was justified not to the extent that it was deserved since mercy toward the offender might recommend punishing her less than she deserves according to justice.

This essay originally appeared in Christopher B. This misinterpretation is one reason the essay is sometimes considered to be an argument for pacifism or for exclusively nonviolent resistance.

Martin Luther King, Jr. American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was also influenced by this essay. In his autobiography, he wrote: During my student days I read Henry David Thoreau's essay On Civil Disobedience for the first time.

Here, in this courageous New Englander's refusal to pay his taxes and his choice of jail rather than support a war that would spread slavery's territory into Mexico, I. - Henry Thoreau’s Influence on Martin Luther King Jr. Henry David Thoreau was a great American writer, philosopher, and naturalist of the ’s who’s writings have influenced many famous leaders in the 20th century, as well as in his own lifetime.

The man who was considered the leader of this movement, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., advocated the kind of peaceful but assertive resistance defined by Thoreau as civil disobedience.

Dr. King’s strategy for political change was to plan, facilitate, and implement as many acts of resistance as possible while avoiding violence at all costs. Oct 27,  · But he learned about civil disobedience from the writings of the Transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau.

And, he believed he could achieve change peacefully, because of the ideas and example of Gandhi. Thoreau, Gandhi, and King.

Henry Thoreaus influences on Martin Luther King Jr

Three prophetic leaders, in different times, in different places, who found the power of peace. Martin Luther King, Jr., who also performed civil disobedience in a democracy, asks us to look more closely at the legal channels of change.

If they are open in theory, but closed or unfairly obstructed in practice, then the system is not democratic in the way needed to make civil disobedience unnecessary.

Analysis and Summary of “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau

- Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience and Martin Luther King's Letter from Birmingham Jail Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, in “Civil Disobedience” and “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” respectively, both conjure a definitive argument on the rights of insubordination during specified epochs of societal injustice.

Civil disobedience in the arguments of henry david thoreau martin luther king jr and socrates
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Analysis and Summary of “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau